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页面渲染 cookbook

 ·  ☕ 5 分钟  ·  🎅 Jeus

Code Syntax Highlighting

Verify the following code blocks render as code blocks and highlight properly.

More about tuning syntax highlighting is the Hugo documentation.

Diff

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*** /path/to/original	''timestamp''
--- /path/to/new	''timestamp''
***************
*** 1 ****
! This is a line.
--- 1 ---
! This is a replacement line.
It is important to spell
-removed line
+new line
*** /path/to/original	''timestamp''
--- /path/to/new	''timestamp''
***************
*** 1 ****
! This is a line.
--- 1 ---
! This is a replacement line.
It is important to spell
-removed line
+new line

Makefile

CC=gcc
CFLAGS=-I.

hellomake: hellomake.o hellofunc.o
     $(CC) -o hellomake hellomake.o hellofunc.o -I.
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CC=gcc
CFLAGS=-I.

hellomake: hellomake.o hellofunc.o
     $(CC) -o hellomake hellomake.o hellofunc.o -I.

JSON

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{"employees":[
    {"firstName":"John", "lastName":"Doe"},
]}

Markdown

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**bold** 
*italics* 
[link](www.example.com)

JavaScript

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document.write('Hello, world!');

CSS

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body {
    background-color: red;
}

Objective C

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#import <stdio.h>

int main (void)
{
	printf ("Hello world!\n");
}

Python

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print "Hello, world!"

XML

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<employees>
    <employee>
        <firstName>John</firstName> <lastName>Doe</lastName>
    </employee>
</employees>

Perl

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print "Hello, World!\n";

Bash

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echo "Hello World"

PHP

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 <?php echo '<p>Hello World</p>'; ?> 

CoffeeScript

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console.log(Hello world!);

C#

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using System;
class Program
{
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Hello, world!");
    }
}

C++

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#include <iostream.h>

main()
{
    cout << "Hello World!";
    return 0;
}

SQL

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SELECT column_name,column_name
FROM table_name;

Go

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package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
    fmt.Println("Hello, 世界")
}

Ruby

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puts "Hello, world!"

Java

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import javax.swing.JFrame;  //Importing class JFrame
import javax.swing.JLabel;  //Importing class JLabel
public class HelloWorld {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        JFrame frame = new JFrame();           //Creating frame
        frame.setTitle("Hi!");                 //Setting title frame
        frame.add(new JLabel("Hello, world!"));//Adding text to frame
        frame.pack();                          //Setting size to smallest
        frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null);     //Centering frame
        frame.setVisible(true);                //Showing frame
    }
}

Latex Equation

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\frac{d}{dx}\left( \int_{0}^{x} f(u)\,du\right)=f(x).
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import {x, y} as p from 'point';
const ANSWER = 42;

class Car extends Vehicle {
  constructor(speed, cost) {
    super(speed);

    var c = Symbol('cost');
    this[c] = cost;

    this.intro = `This is a car runs at
      ${speed}.`;
  }
}

for (let num of [1, 2, 3]) {
  console.log(num + 0b111110111);
}

function $initHighlight(block, flags) {
  try {
    if (block.className.search(/\bno\-highlight\b/) != -1)
      return processBlock(block.function, true, 0x0F) + ' class=""';
  } catch (e) {
    /* handle exception */
    var e4x =
        <div>Example
            <p>1234</p></div>;
  }
  for (var i = 0 / 2; i < classes.length; i++) {
  // "0 / 2" should not be parsed as regexp
    if (checkCondition(classes[i]) === undefined)
      return /\d+[\s/]/g;
  }
  console.log(Array.every(classes, Boolean));
}

export  $initHighlight;
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>Hello world</title>
  <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto:400,400italic,700,700italic' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="index.css" />
</head>
<body>
  <div id="app"></div>
  <script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/less.js/2.5.1/less.min.js"></script>
  <script src="vendor/prism.js"></script>
  <script src="examples.bundle.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
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/*********************************************************
* General
*/
pre[class*="language-"],
code {
  color: #5c6e74;
  font-size: 13px;
  text-shadow: none;
  font-family: Consolas, Monaco, 'Andale Mono', 'Ubuntu Mono', monospace;
  direction: ltr;
  text-align: left;
  white-space: pre;
  word-spacing: normal;
  word-break: normal;
  line-height: 1.5;
  tab-size: 4;
  hyphens: none;
}
pre[class*="language-"]::selection,
code::selection {
  text-shadow: none;
  background: #b3d4fc;
}
@media print {
  pre[class*="language-"],
  code {
    text-shadow: none;
  }
}
pre[class*="language-"] {
  padding: 1em;
  margin: .5em 0;
  overflow: auto;
  background: #f8f5ec;
}
:not(pre) > code {
  padding: .1em .3em;
  border-radius: .3em;
  color: #db4c69;
  background: #f9f2f4;
}

chartjs

{
    "type": "bar",
    "data": 
       {
        "labels": ["One", "Two", "Three", "Four", "Five", "Six"],
        "datasets": [{
            "label": "# of Votes",
            "data": [12, 19, 3, 5, 3, 8]
        }]
    }
}
    {
    "type": "line",
        "data": {
            "labels": ["One", "Two", "Three", "Four", "Five", "Six"],
            "datasets": [
            {
                "label": "# of Votes",
                "data": [12, 19, 3, 5, 2, 3],
                "backgroundColor":"transparent",
                "borderColor":"orange"
            },
            {
                "label": "Some other set",
                "data": [15, 8, 13, 5, 5, 9],
                "backgroundColor":"transparent",
                "borderColor":"#44ccff"
            }
            ]
        }
    }

flowchartjs

st=>start: Start|past:>http://www.google.com[blank]
e=>end: End|future:>http://www.google.com
op1=>operation: My Operation|past
op2=>operation: Stuff|current
sub1=>subroutine: My Subroutine|invalid
cond=>condition: Yes
or No?|approved:>http://www.google.com
c2=>condition: Good idea|rejected
io=>inputoutput: catch something...|future

st->op1(right)->cond
cond(yes, right)->c2
cond(no)->sub1(left)->op1
c2(yes)->io->e
c2(no)->op2->e

js-sequence

Alice->Bob: Hello Bob, how are you?
Note right of Bob: Bob thinks
Bob-->Alice: I am good thanks!
Title: Here is a title
A->B: Normal line
B-->C: Dashed line
C->>D: Open arrow
D-->>A: Dashed open arrow

katex

The following

$$ \int_{a}^{b} x^2 dx $$

Is an integral

$$ \varphi = 1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\cdots} } } $$

Enable Katex in the config file by setting the katex param to true. This will import the necessary Katex CSS/JS.

See the online reference of supported TeX functions.

Note: For inline math to render correctly, your content file extension must be .mmark. See the official mmark site.

Inline math: $ \varphi = \dfrac{1+\sqrt5}{2}= 1.6180339887… $

Inline math: $ \varphi = \dfrac{1+\sqrt5}{2}= 1.6180339887… $

Block math:

$$ \varphi = 1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\cdots} } } $$

Block math:

$$ \varphi = 1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\cdots} } } $$

We need goldmark katex entension which is not yet we have: [https://github.com/gohugoio/hugo/issues/6544](https://github.com/gohugoio/hugo/issues/6544)

Mathematical notation in a Hugo project can be enabled by using third party JavaScript libraries.

In this example we will be using KaTeX

  • Create a partial under /layouts/partials/math.html
  • Within this partial reference the Auto-render Extension or host these scripts locally.
  • Include the partial in your templates like so:
{{ if or .Params.math .Site.Params.math }}
{{ partial "math.html" . }}
{{ end }}
  • To enable KaTex globally set the parameter math to true in a project’s configuration
  • To enable KaTex on a per page basis include the parameter math: true in content files.

Note: Use the online reference of Supported TeX Functions

Examples

Inline math: $$ \varphi = \dfrac{1+\sqrt5}{2}= 1.6180339887… $$

Block math:

$$
\varphi = 1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\frac{1} {1+\cdots} } }
$$

mathjax

When $a \ne 0$, there are two solutions to $(ax^2 + bx + c = 0)$ and they are
$$x = {-b \pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac} \over 2a}.$$

mermaind

graph TD;
  A-->B;
  A-->C;
  B-->D;
  C-->D;
sequenceDiagram
  participant Alice
  participant Bob
  Alice->John: Hello John, how are you?
  loop Healthcheck
      John->John: Fight against hypochondria
  end
  Note right of John: Rational thoughts <br/>prevail...
  John-->Alice: Great!
  John->Bob: How about you?
  Bob-->John: Jolly good!
graph TD
A[Hard] -->|Text| B(Round)
B --> C{Decision}
C -->|One| D[Result 1]
C -->|Two| E[Result 2]
gantt
section Section
Completed :done,    des1, 2014-01-06,2014-01-08
Active        :active,  des2, 2014-01-07, 3d
Parallel 1   :         des3, after des1, 1d
Parallel 2   :         des4, after des1, 1d
Parallel 3   :         des5, after des3, 1d
Parallel 4   :         des6, after des4, 1d
classDiagram
Class01 <|-- AveryLongClass : Cool
<<interface>> Class01
Class09 --> C2 : Where am i?
Class09 --* C3
Class09 --|> Class07
Class07 : equals()
Class07 : Object[] elementData
Class01 : size()
Class01 : int chimp
Class01 : int gorilla
class Class10 {
  <<service>>
  int id
  size()
}
stateDiagram
[*] --> Still
Still --> [*]
Still --> Moving
Moving --> Still
Moving --> Crash
Crash --> [*]
pie
"Dogs" : 386
"Cats" : 85
"Rats" : 15 

viz

  digraph G {

	subgraph cluster_0 {
		style=filled;
		color=lightgrey;
		node [style=filled,color=white];
		a0 -> a1 -> a2 -> a3;
		label = "process #1";
	}

	subgraph cluster_1 {
		node [style=filled];
		b0 -> b1 -> b2 -> b3;
		label = "process #2";
		color=blue
	}
	start -> a0;
	start -> b0;
	a1 -> b3;
	b2 -> a3;
	a3 -> a0;
	a3 -> end;
	b3 -> end;

	start [shape=Mdiamond];
	end [shape=Msquare];
}

wavedrom

{ 
  "signal": [ {"name": "CLK", "wave": "p.....|..."},
            {"name":"DAT", "wave":"x.345x|=.x", "data":["A","B","C","D"]},
            {"name": "REQ", "wave": "0.1..0|1.0"},
            {},
            {"name": "ACK", "wave": "1.....|01."}
]}

shortcode

Markdownify box

This is boxmd shortcode

Simple box

This is **box** shortcode

Code tabs

Make it easy to switch between different code

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System.out.println('Hello World!');
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console.log('Hello World!');

Tabs for general purpose

Windows section

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console.log('Hello World!');

⚠️Becareful that the content in the tab should be different from each other. The tab makes unique id hashes depending on the tab contents. So, If you just copy-paste the tabs with multiple times, since it has the same contents, the tab will not work.

MacOS section

Hello world!

Ubuntu section

Great!

Expand

Title

contents

Title2

contents2

Alert

Colored box

Notice

success text
info text
warning text
error text

markdown

This article offers a sample of basic Markdown syntax that can be used in Hugo content files, also it shows whether basic HTML elements are decorated with CSS in a Hugo theme.

Headings

The following HTML <h1><h6> elements represent six levels of section headings. <h1> is the highest section level while <h6> is the lowest.

Paragraph

Xerum, quo qui aut unt expliquam qui dolut labo. Aque venitatiusda cum, voluptionse latur sitiae dolessi aut parist aut dollo enim qui voluptate ma dolestendit peritin re plis aut quas inctum laceat est volestemque commosa as cus endigna tectur, offic to cor sequas etum rerum idem sintibus eiur? Quianimin porecus evelectur, cum que nis nust voloribus ratem aut omnimi, sitatur? Quiatem. Nam, omnis sum am facea corem alique molestrunt et eos evelece arcillit ut aut eos eos nus, sin conecerem erum fuga. Ri oditatquam, ad quibus unda veliamenimin cusam et facea ipsamus es exerum sitate dolores editium rerore eost, temped molorro ratiae volorro te reribus dolorer sperchicium faceata tiustia prat.

Itatur? Quiatae cullecum rem ent aut odis in re eossequodi nonsequ idebis ne sapicia is sinveli squiatum, core et que aut hariosam ex eat.

Blockquotes

The blockquote element represents content that is quoted from another source, optionally with a citation which must be within a footer or cite element, and optionally with in-line changes such as annotations and abbreviations.

Blockquote without attribution

Tiam, ad mint andaepu dandae nostion secatur sequo quae.
Note that you can use Markdown syntax within a blockquote.

Blockquote with attribution

Don’t communicate by sharing memory, share memory by communicating.


Rob Pike1

Tables

Tables aren’t part of the core Markdown spec, but Hugo supports supports them out-of-the-box.

Name Age
Bob 27
Alice 23
Inline Markdown within tables
Inline    Markdown    In    Table
italics bold strikethrough    code

Code Blocks

Code block with backticks
html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Example HTML5 Document</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Test</p>
</body>
</html>
Code block indented with four spaces
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Example HTML5 Document</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Test</p>
</body>
</html>
Code block with Hugo’s internal highlight shortcode
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Example HTML5 Document</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Test</p>
</body>
</html>

List Types

Ordered List
  1. First item
  2. Second item
  3. Third item
Unordered List
  • List item
  • Another item
  • And another item
Nested list
  • Item
  1. First Sub-item
  2. Second Sub-item

Other Elements — abbr, sub, sup, kbd, mark

GIF is a bitmap image format.

H2O

Xn + Yn: Zn

Press CTRL+ALT+Delete to end the session.

Most salamanders are nocturnal, and hunt for insects, worms, and other small creatures.

emoji

Emoji can be enabled in a Hugo project in a number of ways.

The emojify function can be called directly in templates or Inline Shortcodes.

To enable emoji globally, set enableEmoji to true in your site’s configuration and then you can type emoji shorthand codes directly in content files; e.g.

🙈 🙈 🙉 🙉 🙊 🙊


The Emoji cheat sheet is a useful reference for emoji shorthand codes.


N.B. The above steps enable Unicode Standard emoji characters and sequences in Hugo, however the rendering of these glyphs depends on the browser and the platform. To style the emoji you can either use a third party emoji font or a font stack; e.g.

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.emoji {
font-family: Apple Color Emoji,Segoe UI Emoji,NotoColorEmoji,Segoe UI Symbol,Android Emoji,EmojiSymbols;
}

  1. The above quote is excerpted from Rob Pike’s talk during Gopherfest, November 18, 2015. ↩︎

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IZAY01
作者
Jeus
やれやれ DA★ZE